Koschere Melange

The blog of the Austrian Jewish Museum - ISSN 2410-6380

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European Day of Jewish Culture

For the fifteenth time the European Day of Jewish Culture is celebrated this year throughout Europe. are history On this day, traditions and customs of European Jewry in the past and present a wide ...

For the fifteenth time the European Day of Jewish Culture is celebrated this year throughout Europe. History, traditions and customs of European Jewry in the past and present will be communicated to a wide audience that day. In almost 30 European countries offer museums, clubs and initiatives exhibitions, lectures, concerts and guided tours to places of Jewish culture.

On the initiative of the Research Society Burgenland, this day is celebrated in 2014 in Burgenland for the first time, together with the Burgenland adult education centers, our Museum and the Burgenland Regional Museum and in cooperation with local commemorative initiatives. will coordinate and support the activities of the European Association for the Preservation and Promotion of Jewish Culture and Heritage AEPJ.

program

Blank I: tour of the Jewish Quarter in Eisenstadt

with the witnesses Ernst Simon (London) and Johannes Reiss (Austrian. Jew. Museum Eisenstadt)

When: Sunday, September 14 2014 9 a.m. to 09:45
Where: Meeting point: Jerusalem Place, 7000 Eisenstadt

Matinee

Opening of the first European Day of Jewish Culture in Burgenland by LH Hans Niessl and Francois Moyse, Präsident der European Association for the Preservation and Promotion of Jewish Culture and Heritage.

Then: witnesses tell of her childhood in Burgenland, the expulsion of the Nazis and life in exile. With Ernst Simon (Eisenstadt - London) and Gerda Frey (Mattersburg - Vienna).

When: Sunday, September 14 2014 10:00
Where: Austrian Jewish Museum

Logo 'Europäischer Tag der jüdischen Kultur'

In the afternoon you have the opportunity to participate in guided tours in Mattersburg, Frauenkirchen, Rechnitz and Kittsee:

Mattersburg, 15:00 | Spaces II: tour of the former Jewish Mattersburg with Gertraud Tometich (association "we remember")

Frauenkirchen, 15:00 | Vacancy III: tour of the former Jewish woman churches with Herbert Brettl (Initiative Remember Frauenkirchen)

Rechnitz, 15:00 | Vacancy IV: tour of the former Jewish Rechnitz with Eva Black Mayer (club REFUGIUS)

Kittsee, 14:30 | Vacancy V: tour of the former Jewish Kittsee with Irmgard Jurkovich (meeting point: Brew Leban, U. main road 41, 2421 Kittsee)

For more information and details of events in the brochure: edjc-2014.pdf, Download, 2.16MB

We ask you to register. Therefor please use the Form on the website of the Research Society Burgenland.

Of course we are happy to answer your questions:

  • per E-mail: info@ojm.at or
  • telephone: +43 (0) 2682 651 45


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, As in Burgenland nor the shofar sounded '

Recently, a new book on the Jewish regional history was published, namely a large-scale monograph on the Jewish Mattersburg: "As in Burgenland still sounded the shofar. The history of the Jewish community ...

Recently, a new book on the Jewish regional history was published, namely a large-scale monograph on the Jewish Mattersburg: "As in Burgenland still sounded the shofar. The history of the Jewish community of Mattersburg and around, "written by Gertraud Tometich appeared in Edition Marlit.

We consider the work-up of Jewish regional and local history - for a Jewish Museum unsurprisingly - a fundamentally meaningful, important and worth funding company, provided of course that the quality of the content is true of them. Said Mattersburg monograph makes us against this background now unfortunately somewhat perplexed and puzzled back ...

We are spared here a lament on not a few shortcomings in terms of spelling and punctuation, which - literally - move from the preface to the last page of the book, about the poor technical quality of some images (especially S. 128), partly peculiar about the archaic language (for example, operates the grave of Chatam Sofer in Bratislava under the title "Jewish monuments": 58) and the like more. About all that one might be able to overlook ultimately so annoying it may sometimes be for the reader.

can not ignore it, however the fact that parts of the book - you do not say it - factually problematic, misleading or simply inaccurate in content are.

In some - particularly obvious - examples:

In a timeline, including on the legal developments in Hungary, it is mentioned that there had been "recognized as a state religion [!]" Judaism in 1895 (page 14). Seriously - Judaism as "State Religion"? What is actually meant is obviously the fact that the Jewish religion in 1895 the status of "full [r] legal [r] recognition" gained - so now first of all "the goal of full emancipation be considered as achieved [could]" (W. Bihl: Judaism Hungary 1780-1914 In:..... Studia Judaica Austriaca Vol III studies for Hungarian Jewry Eisenstadt 1976, p 17-31, here 22).

Two photos on page 122 showing textiles with Hebrew inscription - but both are upside down! (Moreover, the caption, "Torah-ceiling" at least unusual and ambiguous - in one case it is in any case a Torah curtain).

Elsewhere, the Feast of Tabernacles is explained as follows:

The ritual Feast of Tabernacles (sukkah) [!] Is a festival of thanksgiving and is celebrated in the fall. It commemorates the 40-day [!] Stay of the Jews in the desert ...

(S. 115)

But the festival is not "sukkah," but "Sukkot" (the plural form for "sukkah", "hut"); and the people of Israel needed for its Wüstenzug known not 40 days but 40 years (see, eg, Joshua 5.6)!

There are basal facts which are obvious simply not displayed correctly here.

The list goes on smoothly. In sum must here be allowed at all sympathy for the fundamental concern of such a book, the question of whether the cause is actually still served the face of such blatant shortcomings. These concerns are exacerbated when one considers the reception paths that are typical of books with these and similar issues: their use just so on by teachers and students, their attraction for school projects, Maturaarbeiten.

The good intentions of all parties in honor - unfortunately it is not enough alone ...

6 comments to, as in Burgenland sounded nor the shofar '

Mattersburg free of Jews

Exactly 75 years ago today, on 8 October 1938 which reported "little leaf" that Mattersburg is free of Jews. Thus Tobias Portschy had achieved what he beginning of 1938, at that time as ...

Exactly 75 years ago today, on 8 October 1938 which reported "little leaf" that Mattersburg is free of Jews. thus had Tobias Portschy achieved what he did early in 1938, at that time, called for an illegal Gauleiter: the Jewish question, the Gypsy question and the agrarian reform to solve with Nazi consequence ...

Ausschnitt 'Kleines Blatt'


Mattersburg free of Jews!

By the end of last month, the last Jews left Mattersburg. The place that was notorious with its 530 Jews for centuries, is thus completely free of Jews! Most are already expatriated since they left the Reich. In sign of redemption of the Jewish plague of local leaders and mayors had hoisted a white flag with the participation of a cheering crowd at the former Jewish temple. The Jewish quarter itself is to be laid down, sooner or later, and instead of the miserable bugs castles new buildings and parks will arise.

Vienna, Saturday, the small leaf, October 8, 1938, No.277

For the full text of the newspaper edition, see the online archive "Anno" the Austrian National Library.

Thanks to Meir German for the tip!


17 comments to Mattersburg free of Jews

Purim 5773

On 14 Adar, this year Sunday, February 24, Purim is celebrated (for hard see also our Purim contribution from last year!). We wish all readers of our Kosher melange ...

On 14 Adar, this year Sunday, February 24, Purim is celebrated (to see our hard Purimbeitrag from last year!).

We wish all our readers a happy melange kosher Purim!

Happy Purim to everyone!

Since shortly after Purim, on Tuesday, 26 February in Mattersburg the event

Stories from the Jewish Mattersdorf

takes place, to which we hereby also like to invite to be short already reported here on the blog about Purim in the former Jewish communities Mattersdorf / Mattersburg and Eisenstadt today:

First, "to Jewish folk culture of Mattersdorf / Mattersburg "von Max Grunwald.

Max (Meir) Grunwald was born in 1871 in Upper Silesia, received his doctorate in 1892 for Dr. phil. and was with Margaret, daughter of the rabbi and Floridsdorfer Reichstag Dr. Joseph Samuel BlochMarried. 1938 Grunwald fled and died in 1953 in Jerusalem, where a chair is named after him at the Hebrew University.
His rabbinic career began in Hamburg, but left in 1903 in Vienna down. Grunwald was scientifically very active. In addition to his philosophical work on Spinoza and his award-winning work on "Samuel Oppenheimer and his (s) circle" his oeuvre to Jewish Cultural Heritage contains about 750 publications. In 1925 he wrote his meticulous descriptions of the northern Burgenland Mattersburg (all expressions in square brackets are remarks of the author of this text):

Children's song for Purim:

a) awareness is Pürim tomorrow is made,
Gets mo e Kreizer ün schmeißts Mioch enaus.

b) Pürim Pürim all kümm 'ioch erein ZÜ trap,
Case ioch üntern table, gefün ioch e duster.

When reading of the Megillah of Zedoko-Gabbe [Chairman of the welfare system] is wearing a gold signet ring on his right hand.

On Megilloh [Megillah, here: the Esterrolle] -Evening is applied to the panel Megillohkraut, di sweet cooked (with raisins, sugar, etc.) sauerkraut. The same is also on Simchas ThoraFurther applied at every wedding. At lunch cooked beans come. Paid particular attention to the women of the preparation of the attached Barches, Who was decorated with rosettes and tiaras. Long before saw the village goers out to bargain for the fine flour for the Purimbarches with the farmers, and welcoming they were heard that they had already taken care of Purim. They called the Barches "the geele [yellow] Barches" because of its ingredients, such as eggs, saffron, sugar and raisins. "Marbe child hole" and "Makewniken" [Purim pastries] there was, of course, in abundance. The remains of the child hole were kept to a dessert at Schabbos Hagodol to serve, or on Erev Passover last Chomez to be consumed.

On Purim Haman was [Haman] beaten with feet and hammering and gerätscht with ratchet [see also our Contribution "effigy of Haman"].

Because they do not kill the spirit, brethren. Festschrift for the 90th birthday of Richard Berczeller, ed. Joachim Riedl, 62f

Esterrolle, Österreich-Ungarn 18. Jh.

From our collection: Esterrolle / Megillah, Austria-Hungary, 18th Century. Ink / water color on parchment. Bgld. Landesmuseum IN 6593

About Purim in the former Jewish community Eisenstadt writes Meir Ayali:

On this feast we celebrated the defeat of Haman, the granddaddy of all anti-Semites in the world, and no one could have guessed then what diabolical, much more dangerous Haman already waiting to destroy the Jewish people and eradicate it from the root; and the wave of destruction was calculated from here, to take "Seven Churches" in Burgenland, began. Cheerful and happy we made our way to the Purim festival with the masks on our face and we also helped our parents when distributing the> Purim gifts <; this practice should increase the friendship among neighbors, as it was commanded in the Book of Esther. Mother put on the plate a few fruits and some sweets, wonderful "Linzerkipferl" were all in a colored envelope and said:

Now you're going to Berger. Say "Kiss the hand and good Purim. Mama sends Schlachmones"And just as in other houses, which of course also einhielten this important commandment.


4 comments zu Purim 5773

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