1498 all Jews Salzburg by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach were expelled from the country and were not allowed to stay in the city until 1867 (Organic Law). This year, succeeded Albert ...
1498 all Jews Salzburg by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach were expelled from the country and were not allowed to stay in the city until 1867 (Organic Law).
This year, succeeded Albert Abraham Pollak to gain as the first Jews the right of return. Pollak was in 1833 Mattersdorf born, died in 1921 and is on Jewish cemetery in Salzburg Aigen to bury.
It was in 1873 accepted as citizens of Salzburg and laid the foundation stone for the new beginning of the Jewish community of the city. Soon Pollak became the prestigious "hip Hofantiquar ", later even to the" Imperial Council ".
The municipality had Pollak entitled accepted, only the mayor is alleged to have done the saying:
They are the first but also the only and last Jew in Salzburg.
The mayor should err. On January 28, 1881 are occupied with their families in Salzburg 18 "Israelites". Including Albert Pollak, married to Caroline, 7 children. Of particular interest to us that a total of five Jews from the Mattersdorf / Sopron County and 2 come from the county Lackenbach / Sopron.
Ask Albert Pollak from 22 March 1867 to a junk dealer concession and its treatment (Archives of Salzburg), from: Marko Feingold, An eternal Nevertheless, Vienna 1,993.18.
Laudable municipal office!
I wish to operate commercial one Tändler- (brac) in the city of Salzburg, u. I erfreie me to the adjoining parochial customs certificates of good Leimundes, and u the necessary local by my long-time local stay me. technical knowledge have acquired in order to obtain a commercial conzessioniertes this kind, then I ask for the imparting of the required Conzession, u. notice to fill the categories in Gewerbsvormers-book that I'm 34 years old Native to Mater village in Hungary. The location of the operation, vaults or other location I'm not specify able ...
Salzburg, am 22. May 1867
Albert Pollak mp
Marko Feingold, An eternal Nevertheless, Vienna 1,993.19
Since 1943, the sale of grave stones was approved in the Jewish cemetery, it's almost a miracle was that the grave stone of Albert Pollak received.
The day before yesterday, on Friday, I was the Institute for religious education Education Salzburg invited at an event for (today!) Day of Judaism to talk about the Jewish cemetery. lectured in the morning Prof. Gerhard Langer of Center for Jewish Cultural History, University of Salzburg, In the afternoon about 40 people came to the Jewish cemetery and held nearly 90 minutes despite very cool temperature and 15cm Snow through. Thanks to all participants!
Bild: IKG Salzburg
We were particularly pleased I was that the President of the Jewish Community Salzburg, Councilor Marko participated Feingold and his wife in the event and were with us in the Jewish cemetery. Mr. Feingold gave a brief introduction to the Jewish cemetery Salzburg Aigen and knew some humorous story about the "Burgenland" Albert Pollak to tell.
So Pollak to his life, the costumes are preferred as clothing and have always pointed at official occasions that he was (to keep the kosher dietary laws as possible) "vegetarian".
Together with other some time in Salzburg residents founded Albert Pollak 1892 a local chapter of the "sick-support and burial association Chevra Kadisha" and handed together with Moritz Bäck in Bezirkshauptmannschaft Salzburg the blueprint for the cemetery grounds, including a morgue. The Jewish cemetery in Salzburg Aigen was then built quickly, see also our "Picture of the Week".
As a supplement to today's Melange, we recommend reading the book of the President of the Jewish Community Salzburg: Marko Feingold, An eternal Yet. 125 years Jews in Salzburg, Vienna 1993.