Koschere Melange

The blog of the Austrian Jewish Museum - ISSN 2410-6380

Keyword: Salzburg

Picture of the Week - Symbols

Back from the Hebrew course, of course, also have the image of the week come from Salzburg) On Wednesday, the third day of the course, the beginners group visited the Jewish cemetery in Salzburg, also ...

Back from Hebrew courseMust of course also the image of the week come from Salzburg) On Wednesday, the third day of the course, the beginners group visited the Jewish cemetery in SalzburgTo be able to try a little also about what they have learned in practice.

Symbole 'Segnende Hände' und 'Kanne und Becken'

Very nice symbols on two graves in the front row of the Jewish cemetery: Top "pot and pool" as a symbol of Levitical descentBottom: "Blessing priest hands" as a symbol of Kohanim.

I thank very warmly the President of the Jewish Community Salzburg, Mr. Marko FeingoldWhich enabled us with his wife visit the cemetery and, of course, was also a historical introduction.

On this occasion, it should be noted that the Jewish community of Salzburg and recently a very beautiful new website hat.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Linger Kiss, Salzburg, for the two photos!

More about the symbols, see our Facebook site.


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A Burgenländer - the first Jew Salzburg

1498 all Jews Salzburg by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach were expelled from the country and were not allowed to stay in the city until 1867 (Organic Law). This year, succeeded Albert ...

1498 all Jews Salzburg by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach were expelled from the country and were not allowed to stay in the city until 1867 (Organic Law).

This year, succeeded Albert Abraham Pollak to gain as the first Jews the right of return. Pollak was in 1833 Mattersdorf born, died in 1921 and is on Jewish cemetery in Salzburg Aigen to bury.
It was in 1873 accepted as citizens of Salzburg and laid the foundation stone for the new beginning of the Jewish community of the city. Soon Pollak became the prestigious "hip Hofantiquar ", later even to the" Imperial Council ".
The municipality had Pollak entitled accepted, only the mayor is alleged to have done the saying:

They are the first but also the only and last Jew in Salzburg.

The mayor should err. On January 28, 1881 are occupied with their families in Salzburg 18 "Israelites". Including Albert Pollak, married to Caroline, 7 children. Of particular interest to us that a total of five Jews from the Mattersdorf / Sopron County and 2 come from the county Lackenbach / Sopron.

Ansuchen Albert Pollaks vom 22. März 1867

Ask Albert Pollak from 22 March 1867 to a junk dealer concession and its treatment (Archives of Salzburg), from: Marko Feingold, An eternal Nevertheless, Vienna 1,993.18.

Laudable municipal office!

I wish to operate commercial one Tändler- (brac) in the city of Salzburg, u. I erfreie me to the adjoining parochial customs certificates of good Leimundes, and u the necessary local by my long-time local stay me. technical knowledge have acquired in order to obtain a commercial conzessioniertes this kind, then I ask for the imparting of the required Conzession, u. notice to fill the categories in Gewerbsvormers-book that I'm 34 years old Native to Mater village in Hungary. The location of the operation, vaults or other location I'm not specify able ...

Salzburg, am 22. May 1867
Albert Pollak mp
Goldwaarenhändler

Marko Feingold, An eternal Nevertheless, Vienna 1,993.19

Since 1943, the sale of grave stones was approved in the Jewish cemetery, it's almost a miracle was that the grave stone of Albert Pollak received.

  • Grabstein von Albert Pollak am jüdischen Friedhof Salzburg
  • Blick auf den Grabstein von Albert Pollak am jüdischen Friedhof Salzburg


The day before yesterday, on Friday, I was the Institute for religious education Education Salzburg invited at an event for (today!) Day of Judaism to talk about the Jewish cemetery. lectured in the morning Prof. Gerhard Langer of Center for Jewish Cultural History, University of Salzburg, In the afternoon about 40 people came to the Jewish cemetery and held nearly 90 minutes despite very cool temperature and 15cm Snow through. Thanks to all participants!

We were particularly pleased I was that the President of the Jewish Community Salzburg, Councilor Marko participated Feingold and his wife in the event and were with us in the Jewish cemetery. Mr. Feingold gave a brief introduction to the Jewish cemetery Salzburg Aigen and knew some humorous story about the "Burgenland" Albert Pollak to tell.
So Pollak to his life, the costumes are preferred as clothing and have always pointed at official occasions that he was (to keep the kosher dietary laws as possible) "vegetarian".

Together with other some time in Salzburg residents founded Albert Pollak 1892 a local chapter of the "sick-support and burial association Chevra Kadisha" and handed together with Moritz Bäck in Bezirkshauptmannschaft Salzburg the blueprint for the cemetery grounds, including a morgue. The Jewish cemetery in Salzburg Aigen was then built quickly, see also our "Picture of the Week".

As a supplement to today's Melange, we recommend reading the book of the President of the Jewish Community Salzburg: Marko Feingold, An eternal Yet. 125 years Jews in Salzburg, Vienna 1993.


5 comments to a Burgenland - the first Jew Salzburg

Picture of the Week - Jewish cemetery Salzburg

The Jewish community can regularly assess the Jewish cemeteries in Austria. Few cemeteries could reach the "very good", let alone hold over several years. Taking into account that the ...

The Jewish community can regularly Jewish cemeteries in Austria assess, Few cemeteries could reach the "very good", let alone hold over several years. Taking into account that the values ​​no weighting is based (as are about the Jewish cemetery in Güssing "but only to" think no grave stones), worthy of Jewish cemetery in Salzburg Aigen a special mention as a model example.

Blick auf den jüdischen Friedhof in Salzburg Aigen

In contrast to virtually all Jewish cemeteries in Burgenland the cemetery in Salzburg is very young. created in 1893, very few grave stones found only with Hebrew inscriptions, there is no grave stones of sandstone, the worshipers (or. the inscription reader) look - in contrast to the Burgenland - also without exception, to the east (the grave so're searching itself - from the perspective of the praying / readers - "behind" the grave, which is placed at the head of the dead).

See also our article "A Burgenländer - the first Jew in Salzburg„.


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4 comments to Picture of the Week - Jewish cemetery Salzburg

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