Koschere Melange

The blog of the Austrian Jewish Museum - ISSN 2410-6380

Keyword: wienerneustadt

Picture of the Week - synagogue Wiener Neustadt

On November 9, a commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the November pogroms took place in Wiener Neustadt. Professor Dr. Werner Sulzgruber, who organized the event and responsible drew, leaving the ...

On November 9, a commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the November pogroms took place in Wiener Neustadt.
Professor Dr. Werner Sulzgruber, who organized the event and responsible drew, leaving at the end of nearly 200 names of Jews who were expelled from Wiener Neustadt and murdered. Students lit for each of the victims of a candle.

The highlight of the commemoration was certainly unique and singular projection of the synagogue of Wiener Neustadt on that house, which stands on the site of the synagogue today.

Projektion der Synagoge Wiener Neustadt

Projection of the synagogue of Wiener Neustadt at the memorial service on November 9, 2013


Ansicht der Synagoge Wiener Neustadt, um 1905

View of the synagogue of Wiener Neustadt, circa 1905. Picture from: Werner Sulzgruber, The Jewish Wiener Neustadt, Vienna 2010, p 39


On 16 March 1902, the foundation stone was laid, the closing ceremony for the synagogue, took place already on September 18 1,902th The architect was none other than Wilhelm Stiassny, who apparently worked without pay.
In the very distinctive rosette with a Star of David of several meters in diameter, the Bible verse from Isaiah 56.7 found:

My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer.

Annotation: In the picture above can be well recognized that even a year is indicated by the verse. I could not when photographing still images seen in the literature do not find what letters are presented, but it stands to reason that 5662 (= 1902) was specified. (Rosh Hashanah, which is the first Tishri and thus the beginning of the Jewish year 5663, was only on October 2, 1902!)

was commissioned by the Gestapo, the "handover or takeover of the temple building for the SS formation" already on 10 October 1938th

In the pogrom itself the Star of David was chipped and the huge decorative windows broken out. Furthermore, individual windows were damaged, destroyed the establishment and stolen stamps devices. Nazis had apparently thrown torches into the synagogue, caused the burns. But she was not, like so many in the Reich, set on fire as a whole. Reason for sparing the building was the fact that the synagogue at that time was already "taken".

Werner Sulzgruber, The Jewish Wiener Neustadt, Vienna 2010, p 38 and esp. 47


More information about the virtual reconstruction of the synagogue in Wiener Neustadt "DAVID„.

7 comments to Picture of the Week - synagogue Wiener Neustadt

Wiener Neustadt

Personal and family biographies of Jews who came from western Hungary to Wiener Neustadt Dr. Werner Sulzgruber wrote: I am looking for documentation of personal and family biographies of Jewish women and ...

Personal and family biographies of Jews who came from western Hungary to Wiener Neustadt

Dr. Werner Sulzgruber wrote:

Seeking for the documentation of personal and family biographies of Jews,
who (partly up to 1938) lived around 1900 and later in Wiener Neustadt, information on the following families, who came from the former West Hungary to Wiener Neustadt.

Many of the ancestors of Wiener Neustadt Jews come from Hungary, mainly from Mattersdorf.

Unfortunately, some family connections of the same people (eg. As family Breuer) are unclear.

Please send me information to the respective families, if such can be made.
please Communications at: werner_sulzgruber @ hotmail.com

English Version:

Biographies about persons and families, who came from West-Hungary to Wiener Neustadt

I am searching for informations – preparing biographies of persons and families – about Jewish people, who lived around 1900 and later (till 1938) in Wiener Neustadt. Members of the following families, who have their origin in West-Hungary, came once to Wiener Neustadt (Lower Austria).

Many of the forefathers of Jews in Wiener Neustadt are from Hungary, especially from Mattersdorf. Some relations in families (e.g. family Breuer) are not clear.

I am interested in data about these Jewish people/families and I hope that somebody can help in the current documentation.

Contact please: werner_sulzgruber @ hotmail.com

  • Andau: Tauber
  • Deutschkreutz: Bohenszky, Hacker, Kerö, Kohn
  • Eisenstadt: Adler (Pollak), Ungar, Wessely [Jewish?]
  • Frauenkirchen: Popper (Winkler), Schimmel
  • Kobersdorf: Bauer, Hacker, Reininger, Winkler
  • Lackenbach: Bauer, leg hackers Bum (Brown), Leitner (Brown), Wellisch
  • Mattersdorf: Adler (Moses), Breuer, Buxbaum, Rosenberger (Feldmann), Rosenfeld, Schischa, Schlesinger, playground


1 comment Wiener Neustadt

Web Tip of the Week - Jewish Community Wiener Neustadt

No Jew is to stay overnight here ... image © If the quote is also from the years 1544/45, when the city council of Wiener Neustadt, the I of Ferdinand imposed ban on residence ...

No Jew is to stay overnight here ...

If that Quote auch aus den Jahren 1544/45 stammt, als der Stadtrat von Wiener Neustadt das von Ferdinand I. verhängte Aufenthaltsverbot für Juden erneuert hatte, darf es hier doch auch für die neueste Zeit stehen: Hatte Wr. Neustadt nicht nur im Mittelalter zu den ältesten und bedeutendsten jüdischen Gemeinden Österreichs, sondern auch in den 1920er und 1930er Jahren zu den größten Kultusgemeinden gezählt, erfolgte nach 1945 keine Neugründung. Alle jüdischen Gebäude (mit Ausnahme des Friedhofs) bestehen nicht mehr, in Wiener Neustadt gibt es heute keine jüdische Gemeinde.

Treue LeserInnen unserer „Koscheren Melange“ wissen, dass wir immer wieder hier über die jüdische Gemeinde von Wiener Neustadt berichteten. Gerne begleiteten wir die schon 2007 von Dr. Werner Sulzgruber ins Leben gerufene „Initiative AKJF und Lern- und Gedenkstätte Jüdischer Friedhof Wiener Neustadt“ und waren unmittelbar beteiligt sowohl an der Aufarbeitung der hebräischen Inschriften am jüdischen Friedhof in Wr. Neustadt als auch insbesondere natürlich an der Aufarbeitung der fünf mittelalterlichen jüdischen Grabsteine, die am jüdischen Friedhof Wr. Neustadt zu sehen sind.

Nun ging eine sowohl sehr liebevoll und schön gestaltete als auch ausgesprochen informative Website über die jüdische Gemeinde Wiener Neustadt online, die wir Ihnen hiermit – als unseren Web-Tipp der Woche – sehr ans Herz legen möchten:

juedische-gemeinde-wn.at

.

Einstiegsseite 'juedische-gemeinde-wn.at'

You can find these on the website not only much information about the history of the Jewish community but u.a. all the data to the Jewish cemetery (including a very user-friendly database on the people buried there), and - most notably - a wealth of free resources made available learning material for students.


1 comment to Web-Tip of the Week - Jewish Community Wiener Neustadt

Picture of the Week - The Bishop

Pesach Haggadah, writer: Joseph ben David from Leipnik (Moravia). Written and illustrated in 1740 in Altona / Hamburg, 40 fols, 350 x 260. London, British Library, Sloane 3173, 7v. Some time ago we reported ...

Pesach Haggadah, writer: Joseph ben David from Leipnik (Moravia). Written and illustrated in 1740 in Altona / Hamburg, 40 fols, 350 x 260. London, British Library, Sloane 3173, 7v.


Some time ago we reported here at the opening that the city of Wiener Neustadt Museum the exhibition "Fate way. "Is to see the Jewish community in Wiener Neustadt.
be seen in the exhibition is also a portrait of the famous Bishop KollonitschThat instinctively evoked some associations in me:
Because in a Pesach Haggadah, which was 1740 in Altona (Hamburg) by Joseph ben David from Leipnik written and illustrated, we find a representation of how Abraham destroys the idols of his father Terah.

The image is an illustration to the text "In the beginning were our forefathers idolaters ...". In the foreground are broken parts of two idols. Abraham is busy trying to crush a third. Behind a river, which is crossed by a bridge, we see a walled city and beyond on four mountains idols. Leftmost Poseidon with his trident, Zeus further to the right with scales and Thunderbolt (?) - and between them a figure that looks like a Catholic bishop!

A Catholic bishop in Hamburg, which was dominated by Protestant and? And what does that have to do with Whole Wiener Neustadt?
Well, mentioned painter Joseph ben David came from Leipnik in Moravia and Moravia fled many Jews after they were expelled from Leopold I in Vienna 1670/71. We know many explanations for this expulsion, very much but were sure the aggressive anti-Semitic speeches by Bishop Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch who became in 1670 Bishop of Wiener Neustadt.

And so none other than Bishop Leopold Kollonitsch is perhaps really with the presentation of the Catholic bishop as Götze, 70 years after the expulsion of Jews from Vienna, from Wiener Neustadt meant (remember him today u.a. the train station connecting with downtown Kollonitsch alley) ...

Joseph ben David, incidentally, was the founder of the Jewish "Hamburger painting school". In Vienna itself wealthy (after 1670) "court Jews" the most a city palace inhabited and often illustrated for their private synagogues and illuminated manuscripts were living with the writers / miniaturist in Moravia ordered.


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