Ein interessantes und wertvolles historisches Dokument:
Schulzeugnis von József Deutsch, in der 5. Klasse der jüdischen (Grund)Schule in Mattersdorf (heute Mattersburg), 1906.
Mattersdorf war damals noch ungarisch und hieß Nagymarton.
Auch ohne fundierte Kenntnisse des Ungarischen ist klar zu erkennen, dass József Deutsch ein Musterschüler war :)
Insbesondere in den Hebräischfächern (Lektüre, Schrift, Biblische Geschichte etc.) erhielt er die Bestnote “Hervorragend”!
Already at the time of Maria Theresa, (1717-1780) there was a Jewish school in Mattersdorf. As there was no school building, the classes were held in the synagogue and later in private houses. Only in 1883 was a Jewish school building built.
In 1873 the Jewish school had 130 pupils, aged six to twelve in three classes. Out of these 130 pupils – 76 were boys and 54 girls. Three teachers taught these students, therefore, proportionally, each teacher taught 43 pupils, as against one teacher for every 93 pupils in the Christian school. It is not difficult to calculate which of the two schools gave a better education.
Besides these pupils there were also eleven boys and six girls aged 12 to 15 in the Jewish school. Although the Mattersdorf Jewish community was an Orthodox community, the syllabus included general studies. We can also see that already in the 19th century it was customary in Mattersdorf to educate girls and send them to school just as they sent the boys.
Meir Deutsch, Yalde Shabat, Jerusalem 2008, S. 45f.
Vielen Dank an Meir Deutsch, Israel, für die Zusendung des Zeugnisses seines Vaters sowie für die Zurverfügungstellung des erklärenden Textes!
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