Es passiert nur hin und wieder, dass ich auf einem jüdischen Friedhof mit fast 10.000 Grabsteinen beim ersten Fotografieren einen Grabstein mit hebräischer Inschrift fotografiere (mein Fokus lag ausschließlich auf…
It only happens now and then that I photograph in a Jewish cemetery with nearly 10,000 grave stones at the first photographing a grave stone with Hebrew inscription (my focus was solely on halfway readable Hebrew inscriptions), which you may be called "lucky shot" ...
So the grave stone of Emanuel Mendel (Menachem) BirnbaumWho died on May 31, 1875, and is buried at the Jewish cemetery Währing.
The Hebrew inscription has a German auxiliary, where we read the following:
by his wife and his son
A very simple biographical actionable statement: that Menachem's wife was at his death still alive and that he had only one son, no further children.
Of course we wanted to know who the wife and who was the son, especially since nothing is so well known over Menachem / Emanuel Mendel Birnbaum. We started to look for and were, at least in son quickly found:
Because of not mentioned by name in the grave inscription of the father son is none other than the journalist and most active
Dr. jur. Nathan (Nachum) Birnbaum, Born on May 16, 1864 (in Vienna Mother: Maria soulmate, daughter of Rabbi Shlomo Samuel soulmate, (from "Kassa in Hungary" Kosice in eastern Slovakia), responsible to Vienna, born December 24, 1836 died 16 March 1896th in Vienna).
At 26, Nathan Birnbaum married the 21-year-old Rosa grain product from Krakow in the Sephardic community of Vienna on August 03, 1890th
It is interesting that both spouses sign both German and Hebrew. Nathan signs with Nahum Birnbaum "Nachum Birnbaum" in Hebrew (Nachum is also the name of his grandfather).
Dr. Nathan Birnbaum died on April 2, 1937 in Scheveningen (NL).
Nathan Birnbaum, who worked primarily under the pseudonym Mathias Acher was
one of the wittiest and most colorful modern Jewish personalities whose track was lost almost entirely from the Jewish consciousness ...
Nathan Birnbaum, one of the club founders of Kadima (the Hebrew word "kadima" means "forward", "east"), in 1893 published his manifesto "The national rebirth of the Jewish people in his country, as a means of solving the Jewish question. An appeal to the good and noble of all nations" (to the Download). Although the magazine has some parallels to Herzl's "The Jewish State", is Birnbaum, who is considered representative of cultural Zionism, unlike Herzl set to Palestine as a national center.
Nathan Birnbaum, who had dominated both the terms "Zionism" and "Eastern Jewry" was companion of Theodor Herzl and the first general secretary of the Zionist Organization for a short time. However, he turned very quickly from Zionism and dedicated primarily for the Eastern Judaism, Hasidic culture and the Yiddish language. In 1908 he initiated the first major world conference on the Yiddish language in Czernovitz, in which he used mainly for the recognition of Yiddish as individual and universal language of Judaism. 1919 Nathan Birnbaum was one of the Neugründern the Agudat Israel, The ultra-religious movement of orthodoxy, and became its first secretary general.
The picture shows Dr. Nathan Birnbaum (right) and Hillel Zeitlin. Zeitlin, 1871/72 in Korma, Gouvernement Mogiljow, Russisches Kaiserreich, geboren, war hebräischer und jiddischer Schriftsteller. Im Alter von 71 Jahren wurde er 1942 sowie seine beinahe gesamte Familie (nur Sohn Aaron überlebte) im Warschauer Ghetto ermordet (Shoah victims), in den Händen den Zohar, eingehüllt in Tallit und mit angelegten Gebetsriemen.
The couple Dr. Nathan Birnbaum and Rosa grain material had three sons:
Dr. Salomon Asher Birnbaum, Born December 24, 1891 in Vienna,
Linguists for Hebrew and Yiddish language, d. December 28, 1889 in New York
Menachem Birnbaum, geb. 13. März 1893 in Wien, jüdischer Buchkünstler, Porträtzeichner und Buchillustrator, wie seine Ehefrau Ernestine / Tina (Esther), geb. Helfmann und seine beiden Kinder Rafael Zvi und Chana ermordet 1945 in Auschwitz (Shoah victims)
Uriel Birnbaum, geb. 13. November 1894 in Wien, Maler und Schriftsteller, gest. 09. Dezember 1956 in Amersfoort (NL). Zu den Glanzpunkten seines Werkes zählt der sogenannte Moses-Zyklus, dessen Originalbilder leider verschollen sind. Im Auditorium unseres Museums sind aber alle 50 images of the cycle reproduziert ausgestellt:
Klaus Dethloff, Theodor Herzl or the Moses of the fin de siècle, Vienna 1986, 60.
See also the sometimes extensive literature references cited sites!