About the difficulty of counting to 10

5 + 5 = 10 = 3 + 7 - what comes here as a mathematical equation is actually the short version of a religious controversy, to which we are attentive museum or. Synagogenbesucher regelmäßig hinweisen: Judentum und Christentum sind uneins in der Anordnung der Zehn Gebote, hebräisch “Aseret ha-Diwrot”, “die zehn Worte”, die nach biblischer Auskunft Israel am Sinai auf zwei Tafeln übergeben wurden (und die übrigens in der Tora zweifach überliefert sind: in 2. Mose 20 sowie in 5. Mose 5). Während sich nämlich das Zehnwort in jüdischen Darstellungen, zB , Evenly distributed on the Torah shrine our synagogue to the two panels bid: 5 bids on the first, 5 bids on the second panel list Christian (or. more precisely, Catholic and Lutheran) displays on the first panel 3, on the second 7 bids.

  • Gebotstafeln - christliche (katholische) Anordnung; Hochaltar der Malteserkirche, Wien (Detail)
  • Gebotstafeln - jüdische Anordnung; Toraschrein der Wertheimersynagoge, Eisenstadt (Detail)


To clarify this difference in the bid distribution, we must as a first step the somewhat complicated issue of bid count turn.

Here first the text of the word and the tens of Jewish hand usual bid count:

[1. Bid:] I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, from the house of bondage.

[2nd Bid:] Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven and on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself other gods, and do not oblige you to serve them. For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God: For those who are my enemy, I am following the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generation; with those who love me and keep my commandments, I show thousands of my bounty.

[3rd Bid:] You shall love the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name.

[4th Bid:] Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy! Six days you shall labor and do all your work. The seventh day is dedicated to the sabbath of the Lord thy God. you must to him do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, and the stranger who lives with you city areas. For in six days the Lord made heaven, earth and sea did and everything that goes with it; on the seventh day he rested. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.

[5th Bid:] Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which gives you the Lord your God.

[6th Bid:] You should not kill.

[7th Bid:] Thou shalt not commit adultery.

[8th. Bid:] You shall not steal.

[9th Bid:] Do not bear false witness against your neighbor.

[10th Bid:] You shall not covet your neighbor's house. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor's.

2. Numbers 20, 2-17 follows (the text, with some oriented Rabbi Marc rating deviations of NIV; by Marc Stern, the bid was counting adds Horst Georg Pöhlmann / Marc Stern: The Ten Commandments in Jewish-Christian dialogue. Frankfurt a.M.: Otto Lembeck 2000. S. 18f.)

Christianity now has taken together with the entire Hebrew Bible and the Ten Commandments, however, is what the structure is concerned, their own way - with intra-Christian turn denominational differences in the count of bids occur.

You can just count on a very different way to ten,

explains succinctly the Berlin Old Testament scholar Matthias Köckert - and distinguishes the whole three basic types of bid count:

Is reduced at the beginning, by (a) either Fremdgötter- and prohibition of images contracted or (b) the self-introduction takes out God as a preamble from the count or (c) sweeps the prohibition of images as already included in the foreign gods prohibition. Depending on the prohibitions of desire you have to pull together in a single or split in two at the end

The Ten Commandments. Munich: C.H. Beck 2007. S. 27f.

Means in simple terms: towards the end Who saves at the beginning, still has reserves.

Diesem Prinzip folgen sowohl der Katholizismus wie die lutherischen Kirchen, wenn sie die Selbstvorstellung Gottes als 1. Gebot eliminieren, womit das Fremdgötter- und Bilderverbot an die erste Stelle aufrückt (bei Luther: nur das Fremdgötterverbot); diese Einsparung erlaubt es, an späterer Stelle ein weiteres Gebot einzuführen, das durch Aufspaltung des 10. Gebots (nach jüdischer Zählung) gewonnen wird: Das Verlangen “nach der Frau deines Nächsten” wird nach katholischer und lutherischer Zählung im 9. Gebot verhandelt, das Verlangen nach dessen Besitz im 10. Anders wiederum verfahren die reformierten und orthodoxen Kirchen, die nämlich das 2. Gebot der jüdischen Zählung aufspalten und das Fremdgötterverbot als 1. Gebot, das Bilderverbot als 2. Gebot auffassen, im Weiteren aber der jüdischen Zählung folgen (see. just Köckert of 2007. S. 28-35).

As the Judeo-Christian difference in dealing with the Ten Commandments continues in the pictorial representation of the bid boards, read in - appearing after Shavuot - the second part of this article.

I 19./20. May or. on 6/7. Siwan is Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks celebrated that u.a. the gift of ten word or. the Torah to the people of Israel to the content has. As a supplement to today's Melange, we recommend Introduction to Shavuot by Michael Rosenkranz.