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we have been waiting with great anticipation to five years! The time has come: On November 24, 2016, the 2nd volume of the monumental work by Georg Gaugusch "Anyone who has ever will. The Jewish haute bourgeoisie of Vienna 1800 - 1938, LR "presents. The first band with the surname of AK appeared already 2011. As a three-volume book created and actually a reference book is the second volume also exciting from the first to the last page. Gaugusch situated on 1,420 pages the meticulously researched and highly extensive genealogical data of the individual families represented a fairly extensive review of family history (especially the importance of individuals as well as their networking with other families) ahead. Even with low interest genealogy but these discharges are already highly worth reading. I make it short: Although not common (in book reviews) (and probably in most cases not entirely accurate), in the case of the book by George Gaugusch I sign the publishing advertising text fully, and fill up: even from my point of view the book is a strong buy recommendation !

The first volume of "Anyone who has been" fundamentally revolutionized the historical faculty research and is regarded as a seminal reference work on the history of Austrian Jews. Now, the second tape that includes the families of L to R appears. The genealogy, precisely researched statements are supplemented with information on the importance and networking of individual families. Autobiographies files into existence surveys, religious ceremonies and numerous contemporary newspaper articles have a vivid portrait of the individual families emerge. Georg Gaugusch, a renowned expert on the Jewish bourgeoisie from 1800 to 1938, has created a magnum opus in meticulous research.

Amalthea-Verlag

Relations with Judaism Burgenland

Especially exciting for us, of course, the question of whether, how many and what relations we find the former Western Hungary, Burgenland later Judaism was. Mainly because the Jewish communities of our region, especially those of Seven communities on esterházyschem area can be associated with Jewish upper classes hardly comfortable.
The result of our index confirms this statement. Only about 1% of the names could be assigned former Jewish communities in Burgenland, we cling to (today) Southern Burgenland communities under the protection of princes and counts Batthyány (such Nagykanizsa) from, we do not even reach half a percentage point.

And yet it is very fascinating to find networks and connections of families in the book by George Gaugusch of which relatives are buried about the Jewish cemeteries in Eisenstadt:
For example Moses RustWho died on January 19, 1825, his wife Hannele, Died on 20 December 1813 and his mother LeaDied on January 14, 1806th

We were able in 2015 the graves of those named in the course of our cemetery project "Digital and physical documentation of the 1,082 grave stones of the old Jewish cemetery in Eisenstadt"Assign correctly. The grave stones were no longer nameless. Now the dead have also got their story:

The detectable at the beginning of the 18th century in Eisenstadt family Rust is one of those families who, without ever having to have their own tolerance for Vienna, are continuously detected here from 1750 to 1829. The first known member was the 1791 deceased in Vienna trader Markus Rust, whose son Moses was one of the pillars of the community Eisenstadt even then ...
After Moses Rust's death in 1825 his widow moved with her second husband Samuel Hirschel in the emerging South-Hungarian nagykanizsa where both its impressive grave stones, judging among the wealthiest members of the community. Moses Rust in 1818 born in Vienna son Bernhard ... turned to Pest, the son of Pest wholesaler Ignaz Müller was and still took over in the 1850s ... the Pest wholesale house Aron Bing & Comp. The later Rust & Müller renamed company was mainly involved in the fabric trade ... and had a packaging magazine at Vienna Salzgries. In the 1870s, Bernhard Rust was appointed to the Budapest branch of the Austro-Hungarian Bank and held from 1878 the post of the General Council. In 1888, the Budapest mayor suggested the award of the Hungarian nobility at him and turned this regard to the Hungarian interior minister ... This allowed the Hungarian Prime ... bring a corresponding presentation at Kaiser Franz Joseph ...
This request was submitted on 27 July 1888 in Ischl and signed by him without comment on 29 July 1888 which he raised Bernhard Rust and his descendants with the title "de Ruszt" into the Hungarian nobility Emperor Franz Joseph. Bernhard Rust de Ruszt died in 1896 in Budapest, and also the Pester Lloyd of 3 December praises the Self Made Man in a long obituary, and calls the dead a gentleman of real meal and grain, diligent, dutiful and unusually simple and modest, His two sons Josef and Oskar followed their father after, and the family belonged to the Second World War to Budapest's upper class.

Gaugusch G., who once was. The Jewish haute bourgeoisie of Vienna 1800-1938, 3065f.

Matrikeneintrag Markus Rust

Matrikeneintrag Markus Rust, death register Währing:
"The Mark Rust from Eisenstadt's Zuchsischen House No. 2908 on the road from urinary bladders vestorben ulcer (?). Alt: 70 Jar ".


the index

Together with genealogist Traude Triebel we advance the name Index created, which includes well over 33,000 names and we present here exclusively. In addition, all place names were incorporated. In Aufklappfeldern (for last name, first name, Page and place) all indexed data can be captured with a look or scrolled, ensuring not only the advantage of a much better and faster overview of the data, but also unsatisfactory or empty search results avoid helps.
were named as usual, the - occur several times on a page in the indices only minimal variations, however, included in the case and possibly taken up several times - with identical letters.
Example: Polaczek Dr. Alfred and Alfred Polaczek (on page 2299) generate two entries in the index.
The preparation of the place name index and proofreading I thank my colleagues at the museum (Sonja Apfler, Christa Krajnc, Franz Ramesmayer).

Zum Index / View the Index

Due to recent events, the index for Volume 2 was provided as the first online in the near future, we will update the index with the names of band first


„Those Who Once Were“ – The Index

Zum Index / View the Index


About the book


We have waited five years, with bated breath, for this to happen. And finally, it's ready: on 24 November 2016, Volume II of Georg Gaugusch's monumental work, “Those Who Once Were. Vienna's Upper Class Jewish Society 1800-1938” („Wer einmal war. Das jüdische Großbürgertum Wiens 1800-1938“) will be presented. Volume I comprising family names from A-K was published in 2011. Conceived as a three-volume work by and large for reference purposes, Volume II is nonetheless fascinating from beginning to end. Gaugusch has meticulously researched wide-ranging and deep-delving genealogical data of the individual families and presents his findings over a span of 1,420 pages. Conveniently, the main body of work is preceded by a comprehensive overview of family histories, with particular attention paid to the individual persons and their interconnections with other families. Even those who have no great interest in genealogy will find these introductory passages quite scintillating. To put it in a nutshell: even if it is unusual, and of course also not quite correct, in the context of a book review, in the case of Georg Gaugusch's book I can endorse the publisher's blib completely, adding to it that from my personal vantage point as well, this book can be highly recommended.

Volume I of „Those Who Once Were“ revolutionized historical research procedures of individuals and has since become the trailblazing gold standard of the history of Jews in Austria, a fundamental reference work. Now the second volume comprising the families L to R has been published. Their genealogies include fastidiously compiled family listings and have been further enriched by supplementary information on the significance and interconnections of individual families. Autobiographies, dossiers and records tracing promotions in social rank, the conferring of orders, as well as numerous contemporary newspaper articles, together create a collection of animated, sparkling portraits of the individual families. What emerges from this painstaking research of Georg Gaugusch, noted authority of Upper Class Jewish Society between 1800 and 1938, is a true opus magnum on the subject.

Interfaces with Judaism in Burgenland

Of particular interest to us, of course, was the question of how many and what kinds of relationships and interconnections we could trace to former western Hungarian (later Burgenland) Judaism, first and foremost because the Jewish communities of our region, and particularly those of the Seven Communities in Esterházy territory (Sieben-Gemeinden), could hardly be associated with upper class Jewish society. The findings brought to light in this index corroborate that basic assumption. Only about 1% of the names cited in it hail from former Jewish communities in the Burgenland. Moreover, if we exclude today's southern Burgenland towns under the protection of the Batthyány (and Nagykanizsa) princes and counts, it does not even amount to a half-percent.

Nevertheless, in Georg Gaugusch's book it is utterly riveting to read about the interconnections and cross-weaving of families whose family members lie buried in the Friedhöfen Jewish cemeteries in Eisenstadt: for example Moses Rust, who died on 19 January 1825; his wife Hannele, who died on 20 December 1813; and his mother Lea, who died on 14 January 1806.

It was not until 2015 that we were able to correctly decode the graves of the above-named people in the course of our cemetery project „Digital and physical documentation of the 1,082 graves in Eisenstadt's Older Jewish Cemetery“ At long last, those gravestones are not nameless. And now, as of the current juncture, the deceased have also been accorded their personal history:

The Rust family, whose history in Eisenstadt can be traced back verifiably to the beginning of the eighteenth century, numbers among those families who (not ever having any personal tolerance for Vienna) were continually present here between 1750 and 1829. The first family member known to us by name was Markus Rust, a tradesman who died in Vienna in 1791, and whose son Moses was one of the pillars of the community of Eisenstadt even back then …

Following the death of Moses Rust in 1825, his widow and her second husband Samuel Hirschel moved to the up and coming southern Hungarian town of Nagy Kanizsa where, to judge by their imposing gravestones, both of them numbered among the most wealthy members of the community. Moses Rust's son Bernhard, who was born in 1818 in Vienna … emigrated to Pest in Hungary, became son-in-law to wholesale merchant Ignaz Müller of Pest, and assumed the reins of the wholesale import trading house Aron Bing & Comp. The company which was later renamed Rust & Müller dealt mainly in textiles … and also owned a packing warehouse on Salzgries Street, Vienna. During the 1870s, Bernhard Rust was appointed to a post at the Budapest branch of the Austro-Hungarian Bank, where he served as a General Counselor starting in 1878. In 1888 the Mayor of Budapest initiated the process of awarding Rust a title of Hungarian nobility and approached the Hungarian Minister for the Interior in this matter … The Hungarian Interior Minister then petitioned Emperor Francis Joseph and submitted the appropriate application….

This application was submitted to Emperor Francis Joseph on 27 July 1888 and subsequently signed by him without any added commentary on 29 July 1888, whereby Bernhard Rust and his descendants were raised to the Hungarian aristocracy with the title “de Ruszt”. Bernhard Rust de Ruszt died in 1896 in Budapest. In a copious obituary of 3 December, Lloyd of Pest extended great praise to this self-made man, deeming him a man of honor, carved out of true grit and grain, industrious, dutiful as well as remarkably simple and modest. His two sons Josef and Oskar followed in his footsteps. Thereafter, the family belonged to the upper crust of Budapest society until the Second World War.

Gaugusch G., Those Who Once Were. The Upper Class Jewish Society of Vienna 1800-1938, 3065f.

Matrikeneintrag Markus Rust

Entry on Markus Rust in the Death Register of Währing::
„Markus Rust of Eisenstadt died in Zuchsischen (?) house no. 2908 on Landstrasse, of ulcerated absess of the urinary bladder; age: 70 years.“


The Index

Together with genealogist Traude Triebel, we first put together the Index of Names comprising far more than 33,000 documented personal identifications which we provide to you here exclusively. In addition, all town names have also been included and properly assigned. In pop-up information fields (for family name, first name, page and town) all the indicated data can be viewed at a glance or scrolled through, thus providing not only the advantage of gaining a quicker and more comprehensive overview of the whole mass of data, but also helping to avoid empty searches which bring up no results.

As is customary, names written in identical fashion which occur several times on one page appear only once in the index, although minor variations in the ways the names were written are reflected and when necessary, repeated several times. For example: Polaczek Dr. Alfred and Polaczek Alfred (on p. 2299) generate two entries in the index.
I am deeply indebted to my colleagues at the museum, Sonja Apfler, Christa Krajnc and Franz Ramesmayer, for the index of town names.

Zum Index / View the Index


In light of this recent publication event, the Index for Volume II has been placed online first. The Index with the names from Volume I will be updated shortly.