Plan des jüngeren jüdischen Friedhofes Eisenstadt

the project

The Austrian Jewish Museum currently operating (start of the project: August 2016 start of the project online: March 23, 2017) the digital edition of the younger Jewish cemetery of Eisenstadt was able to complete on 03 October 2017th

This is an advanced, (particularly at the biographical notes) added and improved version of the print Publication from the year 1995th

It tends to further

  • be physically provided with the since the print publication existing location number and with QR code - just like in the old Jewish cemetery in Eisenstadt - All grave stones
  • together the lying and broken grave stones and be brought to its original location (s. esp. the Introduction Article!)
  • a list of all created on the younger Jewish cemetery are buried, including those deceased whose graves no longer exist today.

For younger Jewish cemetery

Two grave stones dating from previous years and were transferred no longer unique klärbaren reasons the younger Jewish cemetery. These two grave stones were clearly on the older Jewish cemetery in Eisenstadt.

Heute gibt es 10 Reihen am Friedhof. Die heutige erste Reihe enthält jedoch ausschließlich Gräber, die nach 1945 angelegt wurden, sodass die heutige zweite Reihe ursprünglich die erste war. Folgerichtig finden wir in dieser heutigen zweiten sogenannten “Rabbiner-Reihe” die Gräber der Rabbiner, Oberrabbiner und Rabbinatsassessoren der Gemeinde.

It is noteworthy that all the rows are aligned with the exception of the later-added first and the fifth, so the originally fourth row, to the east, that is, the viewer of the grave stone look to the east. While obviously Place reasons were responsible for a Western orientation in the first row today, this situation is extremely in the fifth row amazing. The reasons can only guess: While most people with the same scholarship rank, charitable people, scholars were buried next scholars etc. in earlier times, we find in modern times on most Jewish cemeteries already married couples and relatives buried side by side. Even the older Jewish cemetery in Eisenstadt and the other cemeteries in Burgenland show this tendency.

Jüngerer jüdischer Friedhof Eisenstadt

Striking at younger cemetery is that, exclusively men and these are obviously buried graded according to their degree of learning or the religious hierarchy in Gemeindeverband in the original first three rows, so today's second, third and fourth rows. The first grave of a Jewish woman is the first grave of the fifth row. It looks like a Renaissance old Jewish traditions regarding the assignment of a cemetery, while the remaining rows 6-10 reflect the modern times, a fact which should perhaps be indicated by the reversal of the fifth row.

Furthermore, it is striking that only one grave the grave of a Kohen is safe because the addition Cohen Zedek “K(a)tz” (= Kohen zedeq, Hohepriester; sg. Kohen, pl: Kohanim) zum Namen des Toten diesen als Angehörigen des Priestergeschlechts ausweist. Gab es zwischen 1875 und 1938 keine Kohanim in Eisenstadt? Eine Legende mit fast anekdotenhaftem Charakter besagt, dass heute niemand mehr den Ort des mittelalterlichen jüdischen Friedhofs von Eisenstadt kenne. Da Kohanim einen Friedhof (außer bei den nächsten Verwandten) nicht betreten dürfen, hielten sie sich von Eisenstadt fern, um nicht, ohne es zu wissen, ihre Füße auf Friedhofsgebiet zu setzen. Freilich bleibt dann offen, warum dies nicht für die Zeit, in der der ältere Friedhof belegt wurde, gegolten haben soll (die Legende stammt von Prof. Meir Ayali (geb. 1913 in Eisenstadt, gest. 2001 in Israel, wohin er vor 1938 emigriert war).

Basic and conventions:

  • All inscriptions were written lines meet, the translation is based as much as possible to the Hebrew lines.
  • In almost all grave stones, we show two pictures, the condition of the grave stone in the years 1993-1995 and the current state (2016/17). All SW photos are scans from the above print publication and were made by David M. Peters for the book. All photos that show the current state were, by the author of the blog posts (John Reiss, Signature: jr) made from winter 2016/17.
  • The numbers under the names are assigned by us for the print publication location numbers that are self-explanatory: 703 represents the third grave stone in the seventh row, etc.
  • The biggest additions, improvements and enhancements learned the biographical notes. We now have many ways to get Matrikenindices online, search for and the provision of Matrikeneinträge as photo thank especially Traude Triebel.
  • When my colleague, Ms. Sonja Apfler, thank you - like with the older Jewish cemetery - very much for timely meticulous perusal of all contributions and especially for the patient and dedicated review of all links (from relatives, etc.).

Johannes Reiss, am 23. März 2017, upgedated am 01. Jänner 2018