Koschere Melange

The blog of the Austrian Jewish Museum - ISSN 2410-6380

Keyword: Hungary

Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum - the Hasidic Rabbi miracle

The product collection on our website, in which a number of scientific and continue leading posts va place to Burgenland-Jewish themes, has fortunately get back growth - thanks to our correspondent from Bnei Brak-...

The Product Collection on our website, in which a number of scientific and continue leading posts va place to Burgenland-Jewish themes, has fortunately again received an addition - thanks to our correspondent from Bnei Brak-Israel, Claudia/Chaya-Bathya mit ihrem Beitrag über den “Importeur” des Chassidismus nach Ungarn …

Many of our readers may remember yet well the now sadly from the former Chief Curator Dr.in Felicitas Heimann-Jelinek curated Opening exhibition at the Jewish Museum Vienna in 1993 ‘Hier hat Teitelbaum gewohnt. Ein Gang durch das jüdische Wien in Zeit und Raum’.
Im Text zur Ausstellung hieß es: “Im Wiener Adressbuch von 1938 waren unter diesem Namen [Teitelbaum] sechzehn Adressen angeführt, im aktuellen Wiener Telefonbuch 1993/94 ist der Name Teitelbaum nicht zu finden …”

Our article is now devoted to the first, Especially the first famous bearer of this name, not lived in Vienna, but who, born in 1759, one of the best known and most influential rabbis in Hungary was: Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum of Ujhely, The second famous Teitelbaum, incidentally, was also named Moshe and died at the age of 91 years as Satmar Rebbe April 24, 2006. Pictures of his funeral, see here.

Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum of Ujhely: A great Torah scholar, a Kabbalist, praised by none other than the famous Chatam Sofer, A charismatic phenomenon and a miracle worker.
Sogar der Freiheitskämpfer und Nationalheld Ungarns, Lajos Kossuth, der Führer der ungarischen 1848er Revolution, zollte ihm nicht nur höchste Anerkennung, sondern war, obwohl selbst Christ, überzeugt davon, seinen späteren Aufstieg und seine Errettung nach dem Scheitern des ungarischen Freiheitskampfes dem Segen von Rabbi Mosche zu verdanken!

Selbstverständlich reichen die Verbindungen auch ins Gebiet des heutigen Burgenlands. Denn Markus (Mordechai) Horovitz (1844-1910), gebürtiger Ungar und nachmaliger Rabbiner der jüdischen Hauptgemeinde von Frankfurt am Main, hat an der Jeschiva von Rabbiner Dr. Esriel Hildesheimer in Eisenstadt studiert und ist diesem auch 1869 nach Berlin gefolgt.
Obwohl selbst erst nach Teitelbaums Tod zur Welt gekommen, schildert Horovitz die Eindrücke von Menschen, die Rabbi Mosche noch gekannt haben:

Der Rabbi selbst ist eine hagere, schlanke Gestalt, von sanftem, einnehmenden Wesen; auf seinem kleinen Gesichte sind die deutlichen Spuren innerer, unsäglicher Qual, tiefen, unsäglichen Schmerz von einem frommen, verklärten Blicke in einen Zug von resignierender, erhabener Hingebung gemildert. Jetzt steht er in den Talis [Gebetsmantel] gehüllt, dessen oberer Teil mit schimmernden, silberdurchwirkten Fäden bedeckt ist und so, vom hellen Flammenmeere der vielen, nach heiligen Zahlen berechneten Lämplein in blendendes Gefunkel versetzt, dem blassen, sanften Gesichte des Rabbi einen Ausdruck himmlischen Wesens verleiht.

The total contribution you can read in our article range: Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum of Ujhely. The 'importer' of Hasidism to Hungary.

3 comments Rabbi Moshe Teitelbaum - the Hasidic Rabbi miracle

Der ‘Ritualmordprozess von Tisza Eszlar’ und der ‘Kaufmann von Venedig’

Unsere ständige Gastautorin und Korrespondentin aus Bnei Brak, Israel, Claudia/Chaya-Bathya, gibt uns die Möglichkeit zu einem kleinen Update, und zwar sowohl zu unserem letzten Blogbeitrag über die “Judensau” als auch…

Our regular guest author and correspondent of Bnei Brak, Israel, Claudia/Chaya-Bathya, Gives us the opportunity to a small Update, Both to our past Blogbeitrag über die “Judensau” as well as to Shakespears “Kaufmann von Venedig”, der vor 2 Tagen nachts vom ORF gesendet und von meinem Kollegen Christopher in einem Tweet was commented.
The ritual murder trial Tisza Eszlári (1882-83) is a classic example of the religiously motivated anti-Semitism in modern times. The acquittal of the Jewish defendants led to massive anti-Jewish agitation and established the modern political anti-Semitism in Hungary. This was triggered by the mysterious disappearance of the fourteen year old Christian peasant girl Eszter Solymosi on 01 April 1,882th

Die folgende Predigt (wir bringen einen Ausschnitt) wurde von Rabbiner Emanuel (Menachem) Grünwald, Ödenburg [Sopron], zum Schabbat Hagadol 1883 gehalten. Der Schabbat Hagadol (“großer Schabbat”) ist der Schabbat vor dem Pesachfest und fiel im Jahr 1883 auf den 14. Nisan, der auch gleichzeitig Erev Pesach war (21. April). Die Predigt ist in Deutsch mit hebräischen Buchstaben geschrieben, die untenstehende Fassung von Claudia gibt den Ausschnitt wortgetreu wieder.

The sermon (detail)

Experiences we have experienced in our cultured time [speaking of the blood libel of Tisza Eszlar 1882], of which indeed we had no idea, because even in our time made us the reproach of the Jews enemies that we need blood to our ceremonies , Us, which the animal's blood is forbidden even be made such mendacious fabrications for reproach! This reminds me of a famous, very famous poet [Shakespeare], who lived several centuries ago [has]. Meanwhile seals there is also a [Merchant of Venice], whose hero is a Jew:
A Jewish merchant who his debtor for a pound of gold that he borrowed it, and but that it can not pay back later, will draw off a pound of blood. A pound of blood for a pound of gold!

And this seal was not written about only for the learned reader in his lonely room. No, it was written for the people, for the great multitude. A Jew required by his debtor a pound of flesh from his heart for a pound of gold! As? A Jew, the blood of the animal is sacred itself, demands human blood for his gold? As not one of them a preposterous imagination to provide such a seal ?! But no, it was just not poetry, but truth, historical fact that has happened quite in reality centuries ago in a town. Only with the small difference that in real precedent of the Jew not the creditor but the debtor [was]. The Jew was the one who had in his deep distress and anguish of a hard, evil man for a pound of gold prescribe a pound of his heart's blood. Such lies are forged to conflict and discord between the one and the other denomination [sow].

But has our age improved since then? Our time has shown that the old inveterate hatred of Jews has still not ceased to raise suspicions, angry accusation.

To author of the Sermon

Rabbi Emanuel (Menachem b. Pinchas) Grunwald was that. born in Cece (Hungary). 1844 Among his teachers, the Rabbi Arieh lights (Cece), Abraham Karpeles (Görböpincehely), Joel Ungar and Eliezer Sussmann Sofer (Paks) and Samuel Wolf Schreiber (Find Abraham Benjamin Shmuel Sofer) in Bratislava, the son and successor of the Chatam Sofer. R. Menachem was the son of Dajjan R. David Neumann in Bratislava. After his marriage he lived with his father, was there even Dajjan and finally rabbi in Sopron (Sopron). In his second marriage he had a daughter of R. Yitzhak Kramer, a rabbi in Neuhäusel (Nove Zamky, Slovakia) and Vienna, married. His three sons (Yehuda Shmuel and Joshua) were also rabbis, as did his son R. Katriel Blum from Nagykároly (Carei Mare, Romania). R. Menachem died on 25 Tishri 5690 (September / October 1929).
Kinstlicher, משה אלכסנדר זושא קינסטליכר, ה’חתם סופר’ ותלמידיו, בני-ברק: מכון ‘זכרון’, תשס”ה, S. 516.

Another son of R. Menachem Gruenwald, incidentally, was Malkiel Gruenwald (1882-1968), who was born at the time of the affair of Tisza Eszlar and later against Kastner has fought.

Ein paar Monate nach der erwähnten Predigt berichtet die “Jüdische Presse (Berlin)” 5 (1884), S. 46 in a correspondence dated 25 January on anti-Semitic incidents in Sopron. Among other things, the windows of the rabbi and those of the two synagogues were destroyed.


2 comments zu Der ‘Ritualmordprozess von Tisza Eszlar’ und der ‘Kaufmann von Venedig’

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